Surface Planers VS Thickness Planers- Which One’s the Best


Surface Planers VS Thickness Planers- Which One’s the Best

Regarding woodworking, surface planer machine, and thickness planers are arguably the most frequently misunderstood tools. Despite having a similar appearance and performing the same contouring and gauging of wood tasks, there are some significant distinctions between the two that every expert should be aware of. The two types of planers are thoroughly described and contrasted below.

What Is A Surface Planer? 

A hand-held power instrument called a surface planer is used to give a piece of wood a flat, matte finish. It accomplishes this by using revolving cutters to remove a light coating of wood. Surface planers are excellent for achieving an equal width throughout a wood panel and for flattening deformed or rougher planks. With a surface planer, you can make a solid wood piece’s face and one side square and parallel to one another. It is renowned for its precision in the carpentry sector. Yet, the accuracy is based on how squarely the machine-produced front side and edge are. The machine has a variety of sizes for all workplace needs and is crafted by a qualified technician.

With extra tools, it can also be employed for beveling and countersinking. There are two tables on a surface planer: an infeed table and an outfeed table. The cutter block placed in the middle of the two tables acts as a divider. Because when wood goes over the cutting blocks, debris is eliminated, and the infeed table is shorter than the outfeed table. Chopper bars used by surface planers include circular, rotational, and chisel rod grip systems.

Pros and Cons

Pros are known to be Accurate and adjustable, improve surface quality, have a low cost of upkeep, and high rate of material removal.

However, the cons are that they are very loud and aggressive.

The surface planer has something known as the “snipe” issue. During the start or conclusion of the planing procedure, it occurs whenever the plank is planed at an edge when it comes. The chip is wrongly inserted into the device. By putting the panel into the device and stabilizing it as it exits, you may avoid that by providing a smooth plane down the length of the board. A surface planer’s inability to achieve a straight cut when the board’s opposite side is not even or nearly even is another issue. The machine compresses the wood by any irregularities on the wrong end if the other side is not even.

What Is A Thickness Planer? 

To produce planks of suitable thickness, use a thickness planer. It gradually removes tiny wood layers over time.  Lumber for the purpose of craft projects and narrow sheets of timber for hardwood plywood or inlay should be milled using thickness planers. The planning machine uses the bottom as a point of comparison while it focuses on the desired depth. To create a flat panel, the bottom surface must be uniform.

Edge smoothing with only a compound miter or a planer and jointer sled is necessary for the initial flat side. A thickness planer creates the first flat surface, often in a single pass, apart from a surface planer or jointer where the cutter goes into the bed surface. The thickness planer, on the other hand, offers greater benefits since it creates boards with a constant thickness, prevents tapering boards, makes passes on both sides, and spins the board. It is intended for the preliminary assembly of an unforeseen board. Other tools cannot fulfill the three functions that a thickness planer can. It smooths rough stock, ensuring that the second face of a board is perpendicular to the opposite face, and reduces stock to the precise width you need. 

Pros and Cons 

The pros and cons are the same as a surface planer. The only difference is it’s very easy to carry as it is portable. 

It is important to do your research before you set off to the market to buy a planer machine. As they are plenty of wood machine manufacturing companies, you might get stupefied. There are few businesses out there like Dhanjal Mechanical which serves only premium quality machines. You can also search surface planers for sale on their site.


A surface planer can be used to grind and buddy up raw timber as well as thin out the boards. But be prepared to deal with the sniping issue. Consider using a surface planer when you need to straighten and square up one face and one side of solid timber. The precision relies on how squarely the machine-produced face side and margin are. A thickness planer is used to keep boards at a specific thickness. You can choose whatever tool you think will work best for you now that you have the appropriate knowledge about both. As mentioned above, you can get them all from Dhanjal Mechanical. They have everything from end cutter machine to mortiser machines.


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